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Medicare 2018 costs at a glance

Listed below are basic costs for people with Medicare. If you want to see and compare costs for specific health care plans, visit the Medicare Plan Finder.

For specific cost information (like whether you've met your deductible, how much you'll pay for an item or service you got, or the status of a claim), visit MyMedicare.gov

Find out if Medicare covers a specific test, item or service that's not listed under the detailed Medicare cost information section of this page.

2018 costs at a glance
Part A premium Most people don't pay a monthly premium for Part A (sometimes called "premium-free Part A"). If you buy Part A, you'll pay up to $422 each month. If you paid Medicare taxes for less than 30 quarters, the standard Part A premium is $422. If you paid Medicare taxes for 30-39 quarters, the standard Part A premium is $232.
Part A hospital inpatient deductible and coinsurance

 You pay: 

  • $1,340 deductible for each benefit period
  • Days 1-60: $0 coinsurance for each benefit period
  • Days 61-90: $335 coinsurance per day of each benefit period
  • Days 91 and beyond: $670 coinsurance per each "lifetime reserve day" after day 90 for each benefit period (up to 60 days over your lifetime)
  • Beyond lifetime reserve days: all costs
Part B premium The standard Part B premium amount is $134 (or higher depending on your income). However, some people who get Social Security benefits will pay less than this amount ($130 on average).
Part B deductible and coinsurance $183 per year. After your deductible is met, you typically pay 20% of the Medicare-approved amount for most doctor services (including most doctor services while you're a hospital inpatient), outpatient therapy, and durable medical equipment.
Part C premium The Part C monthly premium varies by plan. Compare costs for specific Part C plans.
Part D premium The Part D monthly premium varies by plan (higher-income consumers may pay more). Compare costs for specific Part D plans.

Detailed Medicare cost information for 2018

  • Monthly premium:

    Most people don't pay a monthly premium for Part A (sometimes called "premium-free Part A"). If you buy Part A, you'll pay up to $422 each month in 2018. If you paid Medicare taxes for less than 30 quarters, the standard Part A premium is $422. If you paid Medicare taxes for 30-39 quarters, the standard Part A premium is $232.

    Learn more about Part A costs.
  • Late enrollment penalty: 

    • If you don't buy it when you're first eligible, your monthly premium may go up 10%. (You'll have to pay the higher premium for twice the number of years you could have had Part A, but didn't sign up.) Learn more about the Part A late enrollment penalty.

Part A costs if you have Original Medicare

Note

All Medicare Advantage Plans must cover these services. If you're in a Medicare Advantage Plan, costs vary by plan and may be either higher or lower than those in Original Medicare. Review the "Evidence of Coverage" from your plan.

  • Home health care

  • Hospice care

    • $0 for hospice care.
    • You may need to pay a copayment of no more than $5 for each prescription drug and other similar products for pain relief and symptom control while you're at home. In the rare case your drug isn’t covered by the hospice benefit, your hospice provider should contact your Medicare drug plan to see if it's covered under Part D.
    • You may need to pay 5% of the Medicare-approved amount for inpatient respite care.
    • Medicare doesn't cover room and board when you get hospice care in your home or another facility where you live (like a nursing home).
  • Hospital inpatient stay

    • $1,340 deductible for each benefit period.
    • Days 1–60: $0 coinsurance for each benefit period.
    • Days 61–90: $335 coinsurance per day of each benefit period.
    • Days 91 and beyond: $670 coinsurance per each "lifetime reserve day" after day 90 for each benefit period (up to 60 days over your lifetime).
    • Beyond lifetime reserve days: all costs.
    Note

    You pay for private-duty nursing, a television, or a phone in your room. You pay for a private room unless it's medically necessary.

  • Mental health inpatient stay

    • $1,340 deductible for each benefit period.
    • Days 1–60: $0 coinsurance per day of each benefit period.
    • Days 61–90: $335 coinsurance per day of each benefit period.
    • Days 91 and beyond: $670 coinsurance per each "lifetime reserve day" after day 90 for each benefit period (up to 60 days over your lifetime).
    • Beyond lifetime reserve days: all costs.
    • 20% of the Medicare-approved amount for mental health services you get from doctors and other providers while you're a hospital inpatient.
    Note

    There's no limit to the number of benefit periods you can have when you get mental health care in a general hospital. You can also have multiple benefit periods when you get care in a psychiatric hospital. Remember, there's a lifetime limit of 190 days.

  • Skilled nursing facility stay

    • Days 1–20: $0 for each benefit period.
    • Days 21–100: $167.50 coinsurance per day of each benefit period.
    • Days 101 and beyond: all costs.
  • Monthly premium:

2018

The standard Part B premium amount in 2018 will be $134 (or higher depending on your income). However, some people who get Social Security benefits pay less than this amount ($130 on average). You'll pay the standard premium amount (or higher) if:

  • You enroll in Part B for the first time in 2018.
  • You don't get Social Security benefits.
  • You're directly billed for your Part B premiums (meaning they aren't taken out of your Social Security benefits).
  • You have Medicare and Medicaid, and Medicaid pays your premiums. (Your state will pay the standard premium amount of $134.)
  • Your modified adjusted gross income as reported on your IRS tax return from 2 years ago is above a certain amount. If so, you'll pay the standard premium amount and an Income Related Monthly Adjustment Amount (IRMAA). IRMAA is an extra charge added to your premium.

If you're in 1 of these 5 groups, here's what you'll pay:

If your yearly income in 2016 (for what you pay in 2018) was You pay each month (in 2018)
File individual tax return File joint tax return File married & separate tax return
$85,000 or less $170,000 or less $85,000 or less $134
above $85,000 up to $107,000 above $170,000 up to $214,000 Not applicable $187.50
above $107,000 up to $133,500 above $214,000 up to $267,000 Not applicable $267.90
above $133,500 up to $160,000 above $267,000 up to $320,000 Not applicable $348.30
above $160,000 above $320,000 above $85,000 $428.60

Get more information about your Part B premium from Social Security [PDF, 341 KB].

  • Late enrollment penalty:

In most cases, if you don't sign up for Part B when you're first eligible, you'll have to pay a late enrollment penalty. You'll have to pay this penalty for as long as you have Part B. Your monthly premium for Part B may go up 10% for each full 12-month period that you could have had Part B, but didn't sign up for it. Also, you may have to wait until the General Enrollment Period (from January 1 to March 31) to enroll in Part B. Coverage will start July 1 of that year.

Learn more about the Part B late enrollment penalty.

Part B costs if you have Original Medicare

Note

All Medicare Advantage Plans must cover these services. If you're in a Medicare Advantage Plan, costs vary by plan and may be either higher or lower than those in Original Medicare. Review the "Evidence of Coverage" from your plan.

  • Part B annual deductible:

    You pay $183 per year for your Part B deductible. After your deductible is met, you typically pay 20% of the Medicare-approved amount for these:

    • Most doctor services (including most doctor services while you're a hospital inpatient)
    • Outpatient therapy
    • Durable medical equipment 
  • Clinical laboratory services:

 You pay $0 for Medicare-approved services.

You pay 20% of the Medicare-approved amount for most doctor services (including most doctor services while you're a hospital inpatient), outpatient therapy, and durable medical equipment.

  • Outpatient mental health services:

    • You pay nothing for your yearly depression screening if your doctor or health care provider accepts assignment.
    • 20% of the Medicare-approved amount for visits to your doctor or other health care provider to diagnose or treat your condition. The Part B deductible applies.
    • If you get your services in a hospital outpatient clinic or hospital outpatient department, you may have to pay an additional copayment or coinsurance amount to the hospital.
  • Partial hospitalization mental health services:

You pay a percentage of the Medicare-approved amount for each service you get from a doctor or certain other qualified mental health professionals if your health care professional accepts assignment. You also pay coinsurance for each day of partial hospitalization services provided in a hospital outpatient setting or community mental health center, and the Part B deductible applies.

  • Outpatient hospital services:

    • You generally pay 20% of the Medicare-approved amount for the doctor or other health care provider's services, and the Part B deductible applies.
    • For all other services, you also generally pay a copayment for each service you get in an outpatient hospital setting. You may pay more for services you get in a hospital outpatient setting than you would pay for the same care in a doctor's office.
    • For some screenings and preventive services, coinsurance, copayments, and the Part B deductible don't apply (so you pay nothing).
  • Monthly premium:

 The Part C monthly premium varies by plan.

  • Deductibles, copayments, & coinsurance:

The amount you pay for Part C deductibles, copayments, and/or coinsurance varies by plan. Look for specific Part C plan costs, and then call the plans you're interested in to get more details.

  • Monthly premium:

The Part D monthly premium varies by plan (higher-income consumers may pay more).

The chart below shows your estimated prescription drug plan monthly premium based on your income as reported on your IRS tax return. If your income is above a certain limit, you'll pay an income-related monthly adjustment amount in addition to your plan premium. 

2018

If your filing status and yearly income in 2016 was
File individual tax return File joint tax return File married & separate tax return You pay each month (in 2018)
$85,000 or less $170,000 or less $85,000 or less your plan premium
above $85,000 up to $107,000 above $170,000 up to $214,000 not applicable $13.00 + your plan premium
above $107,000 up to $133,500 above $214,000 up to $267,000 not applicable $33.60 + your plan premium
above $133,500 up to $160,000 above $267,000 up to $320,000 not applicable $54.20 + your plan premium
above $160,000 above $320,000 above $85,000 $74.80 + your plan premium

  • Late enrollment penalty: 

You may owe a late enrollment penalty if, for any continuous period of 63 days or more after your Initial Enrollment Period is over, you go without one of these:

  • A Medicare Prescription Drug Plan (Part D)
  • A Medicare Advantage Plan (Part C) (like an HMO or PPO)
  • Another Medicare health plan that offers Medicare prescription drug coverage
  • Creditable prescription drug coverage 

In general, you'll have to pay this penalty for as long as you have a Medicare drug plan. The cost of the late enrollment penalty depends on how long you went without Part D or creditable prescription drug coverage. Learn more about the Part D late enrollment penalty.

  • Deductibles, copayments, & coinsurance:

The amount you pay for Part D deductibles, copayments, and/or coinsurance varies by plan. Look for specific Medicare drug plan costs, and then call the plans you're interested in to get more details.